Formation Program for Holy Orders
Those who are called to serve as deacons or priests are trained and tested within our formation program. Before beginning the formation program, each candidate must complete the written application, participate in a psychological and vocational assessment, submit several letters of recommendation, have a civil child-abuse clearance and criminal history check, so that both the candidate and the bishops are satisfied that ordained service is where she or he might best serve God and neighbor. Additionally, each candidate must sign our Statement of Belief, have a spiritual director, and must have a local community, a ministry, or be in the process of growing one. We also require that each candidate be involved with the CCC for at least three years before ordination.
Those seeking incardination are required to fulfill all the above, and have it submitted and accepted before incardination proceeds. Some of this, such as seminary training, may have been completed in other programs or seminaries and will need to be documented, but what has not been completed must be done within our program.
The following outlines our complete formation program. For more information please contact Bishop Cait Finnegan, OMC at
PROGRAM OF FORMATION
The ministry of a priest--to serve people in their relationship to God--is a very sensitive and important one, and it must be exercised with all kinds of people, from the uneducated to the highly educated, and in a world that presents all kinds of problems. Because of that, formation in view of the priesthood is an extremely important activity, and one that demands serious and dedicated work. The following program of formation is comprehensive enough and serious enough to give candidates a solid preparation for their ministry.
There are three essential aspects to the preparation of a candidate for ordained ministry. These are spiritual formation, pastoral formation, and academic formation. Each one, along with its specific requirements, will be described below.
Acceptance into this program as a candidate for Holy Orders is not a promise of ordination, and it does not guarantee that a candidate will be ordained. Rather it is an admission to a period of discernment and training. Selection of a candidate for ordination is solely at the discretion of the candidate’s Bishop, is not subject to appeal, and may include criteria not expressly stated or implied here.
A person must be a committed member of the Celtic Christian Church for at least six months before applying for admission into the formation program.
In this program the word “candidate,” unless otherwise specified, applies both to persons seeking ordination and to already ordained persons seeking incardination. In the case of the latter the requirements will be adapted as needed.
I. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1. Clergy Application. As the first step, a candidate must answer a basic questionnaire and submit the documents requested in the application. Of particular importance here are the transcripts of any academic work done, since this will be necessary to determine the specific course of study to be followed by any individual candidate.
2. Criminal-History and Child-Abuse Clearances. Small independent churches, of which the Celtic Christian Church is one, can be havens for persons with criminal or child-abuse histories. In order to exercise due diligence in the admission of candidates to Holy Orders and in the incardination of ordained clergy persons, the Celtic Christian Church requires these two clearances (unless they are illegal in the candidate’s home state). The specifics are given in the Clergy Application.
3. Psychological Screening. Each candidate will take a battery of psychological tests to provide his or her Bishop with information on, first, the candidate’s personality, abilities, weak points, and so on, and, second, on real or potential pathology. The specifics are given in the Clergy Application.
4. Yearly Evaluation. The candidate’s Bishop, with the input of other persons working with the candidate, will evaluate him or her at the end of each year in the formation program. The decision on the advancement or the dismissal of the candidate is the responsibility of his or her Bishop. If the candidate is dismissed from the program, he or she will be informed of the reasons for this action and will be given full opportunity to discuss it with his or her Bishop. If the candidate is advanced in the program, the results of the evaluation, including areas in which it is judged that greater effort is needed, will be communicated to the candidate.
5. Mass and Sacraments. Toward the end of the course of formation, the candidate will receive practical training in celebrating Mass and administering the Sacraments. This training will be the responsibility of the candidate’s Bishop.
II. SPIRITUAL FORMATION
The priests of the Celtic Christian Church are to be available to people to serve them in their relationship to God, in all the varied and unpredictable circumstances of that relationship. To be competent to serve in that way, they must themselves be persons of spiritual depth and maturity and growing in their own relationship with God, persons marked by solid emotional maturity and by personal integrity.
In order to foster as much as it can this eminently personal spiritual formation, the Celtic Christian Church has established the following requirements.
1. Spiritual Director. Guidance in the spiritual life is essential, if we are to progress in our relationship with God and if we are both to discern his will in our regard and to avoid pitfalls in our spiritual journey. Hence all of our candidates for ordination are required to have a spiritual director. This is particularly important for a person actually preparing for ordination.
It will be the responsibility of the candidate to find a spiritual director. The candidate will then make that director known to his or her Bishop. The Bishop will contact the director to establish a personal relationship with him or her. While the matter of spiritual direction itself is confidential, the director will be responsible to the candidate's Bishop for advising the Bishop on the advisability of continuing that candidate in the formation program for Holy Orders or of dismissing him or her from the program.
2. Yearly Retreat. Each candidate for ordination will make a yearly directed retreat of some five days duration. It is the responsibility of the candidate’s spiritual director to assist the candidate in organizing this retreat and in integrating its benefits into his or her spiritual life.
3. Daily Prayer. Each candidate will make time each day for personal prayer and for “lectio divina,” the prayerful reading of Sacred Scripture.
4. Celtic Spirituality. This is a beautiful and holistic view of our world and all of God’s creation. It is joyful and inspiring in its approach to the world, while not at all denying the evil to be found in it. It is a distinctive mark of the spirituality of the Celtic Christian Church. Learning about this spirituality and integrating it into one’s spiritual life is a very important part of the spiritual formation of our candidates for ordination. Further on in this text, the section on academic formation will list a large number of books and other studies that will enable the candidate to learn about Celtic spirituality.
III. PASTORAL FORMATION
As mentioned previously, the priests of the Celtic Christian Church are called to minister in very varied situations and to persons who vary greatly in personality, education and individual circumstances. As much as it can, the Church’s formation program seeks to prepare its candidates for ministry in this very concrete world. In view of this objective the following requirements have been established.
1. Clinical Pastoral Education. CPE provides hands-on pastoral work and discussion/criticism of that actual ministry. It has proven to be an effective means of helping its students to better understand their own selves and their particular difficulties in ministering effectively, and in providing help in resolving such personal issues. All of our candidates for ordination are required to take one unit of CPE, and they are encouraged to take further units if they are inclined and able to do so.
2. Ministry. During the entire course of formation the candidate will be involved in an appropriate pastoral ministry. The choice of the ministry will the candidate’s, with the approval of his or her Bishop. The supervision of the candidate’s work in this ministry will be the responsibility of the candidate’s Bishop.
IV. ACADEMIC FORMATION
It is essential for the priests of the Celtic Christian Church to have a solid academic formation in the various disciplines proper to their ministry. This is necessary if they are to serve and guide others correctly in their relationship to God, and if they are to be able to work with persons of all levels of education.
In order to provide that solid academic formation for its candidates for ordination, the Celtic Christian Church has determined the following thorough, and at the same time flexible, program of study. All of its candidates are required to pursue this program. The candidate’s Bishop is responsible for overseeing his or her compliance with the program and determining at what point the candidate can be accepted for ordination, first to the diaconate and later to the priesthood.
A. STRUCTURE OF THE PROGRAM OF STUDY
1. Individual Program. In very large part the Church’s candidates will be adults with family and work responsibilities and very often with limited financial means. The Church, which does not have a seminary of its own, does not oblige its candidates to enroll in a seminary program of another church or in a university or divinity-school program. In addition, a certain number of candidates will have already done some of the required studies. Consequently the program of study will be tailored to each individual candidate as long as what we require is covered. The candidate’s Bishop will determine what needs to be done, using the documents, particularly the transcripts, sent to him or her with the Clergy Application. The following paragraphs will indicate the numerous and varied means at the disposal of the Bishop and the candidate to assure a solid academic formation.
2. Mentor. To implement such an individual program of study, the Celtic Christian Church employs the mentor system. The mentor, a person with the necessary training and experience, advises and guides the candidate in his or her study in view of ordination. If advisable, other persons may serve as mentors in the specific areas of their expertise. The mentor is appointed by the candidate’s Bishop. The mentor’s input is requested by the Bishop in view of the candidate’s advancement in the program, or dismissal from it, and in view of the candidate’s ordination.
3. College or Equivalent. Ideally, a candidate beginning the program of formation will possess a college degree. Barring that, an associate’s degree will be considered sufficient. If going back to college to finish such a degree would be a real hardship, the candidate will work with his or her Bishop to determine what must still be done. In many cases this remaining work can be completed by means of correspondence or online courses offered by reputable institutions. A candidate finishing college in this way will be considered enrolled in the formation program.
4. Seminary or University Courses. When possible, candidates are very strongly encouraged to enroll in a seminary program or in a university theology program, or to take at least some of their courses in such a setting. This will provide them with structured study, with professional teachers, and also with peer interaction. The comprehensive nature and the difficulty of theological studies militate very much in favor of such study. Because of the importance of the orientation of the seminary or university (the Celtic Christian Church is a sacramental church, close in doctrine to the Roman, Anglican and Orthodox Churches, but different from the Protestant Churches), the choice of a seminary or university must be approved by the Candidate’s Bishop.
5. Internet Based Courses. Candidates who have access to the Internet have the possibility of taking courses via that medium. A very large number of such courses are available, many from excellent universities, and many of them are free of charge. Care must be taken to choose courses that are of excellent quality and that are offered by reputable institutions. All Internet-based courses or degree programs chosen by a candidate must be approved by the candidate’s Bishop.
B. SCHOOLS AND PROGRAMS OF OTHER CHURCHES OR INSTITUTIONS
Many programs in theology, most of them leading to graduate degrees, are available. As noted above, any candidate who is able to pursue such a program is strongly encouraged to do so. Within the Roman Catholic Church, Fordham University, Boston College, Notre Dame University, the University of San Francisco, among others, offer excellent programs in theology. In association with other churches, Harvard Divinity School, Yale Divinity School, Washington Theological Union also offer excellent programs.
Other seminaries and theology schools are also available. Following are short notes on of them.
GLOBAL MINISTRIES UNIVERSITY (located in California). Within the Roman Catholic tradition. Offers several degree programs (bachelor, master, doctor). As in the case of Agape Seminary, these are not academic degrees. All courses are distance learning.
LINDISFARNE SCHOOL OF THEOLOGY AND CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP (located in Ithaca, NY). Broadly within the Protestant tradition, with Roman Catholic elements. Lindisfarne is a modern, non-live-in monastic community under the direction of +Andrew Fitz-Gibbon and +Jane Hall Fitz-Gibbon. It offers a thorough program of preparation for ordination that is quite similar to the program of the Celtic Christian Church. This is also distance learning.
C. OPEN ONLINE COURSES
A large and growing number of online course exist, many of them free of charge, and very many of them offered by excellent schools and professors. Following are notes on a few of them.
University of Notre Dame Open Courses. Through its STEP (Satellite Theological Education Program) offering, part of its Institute for Church Life, Notre Dame offers a good number of online courses in theology. A Certificate of Catholic Theology can be obtained through this program.
Yale University Open Courses. A good number of courses are offered online at no charge. These are lectures that were recorded in the classroom, and they are available in video, audio and text transcript format. Registration is not required, and no course credit is given.
HARVARD UNIVERSITY OPEN COURSES. Through its Extension School, Harvard offers over 200 online classes. These are either videos of taped classroom lectures, or scheduled live web-conference courses. Credit can be earned under certain conditions.
OPEN COURSEWARE CONSORTIUM. This is a grouping of over 250 universities and associated organizations worldwide offering thousands of courses form leading universities. These courses are free of charge.
edX. This is an online initiative created by Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It offers numerous courses from excellent universities, among them MIT, Harvard University and the University of California at Berkeley. Some edX courses now offer ID verified Certificates of Achievement.
THE GREAT COURSES. This is a series of hundreds of audio and video courses produced by top professors and experts in various fields. They are relatively inexpensive, and are often on sale.
D. PROGRAM OF STUDY
1. Outline. Following are the areas in which study is required:
Part I. The Celtic Church
Part II. The Western Church
1. Philosophy (a basic introduction)
2. Psychology (a basic introduction)
3. Comparative Religions
B. Christian Theology
1. Introductory and General
2. Doctrinal Theology
a. God, the Trinity
2) Theological Virtues (Faith, Hope, Charity)
e. Consummation (Eschatology)
3. Moral Theology
a. Sin, Original Sin
b. Christian Moral Doctrine
C. Sacred Scripture
D. History of the Christian Church
F. Spiritual Life, Prayer, Spiritual Direction
G. Pastoral Care, Counseling, Religious Education
Part III. The Eastern Church
2. List of Required and Recommended Books
The list of required books given below may well seem overwhelming at first sight. It is therefore very important to keep two points in mind.
First, a seminary program for the priesthood in a sacramental church would take some three years and include over a thousand hours of classroom lectures. The program below, while not pretending in any way to duplicate seminary training, must provide the substance of such training, without the lectures and the interaction between students and professors.
Second, the intent of any candidate's Bishop is to be as flexible as possible in the application of the program. Schoolwork already done will count in the program if at all possible. What is to be required of each individual candidate will depend on what has already been done and what still needs to be done. As already noted, the transcripts requested in the Clergy Application will be particularly important in making this determination.
It should also be noted here that the division of the following material into "The Celtic Church," "The Western Church," and "The Eastern Church" is somewhat artificial. In fact all of the material could easily have been included in a single series of sub-topics, with each Eastern or Celtic book placed within its proper topic. However, the present division, in addition to bringing a greater degree of clarity to the organization of the material, accentuates the intent of the formation program. Since we live in the Western world and the very large majority, if not the totality, of our priests will work within that world, the basic theological formation provided by this program is in the Western ambit. Then, since we live our faith in the spirit of the ancient Celtic church and since this spirit is closer to the more mystical spirit of the Orthodox church than to the more rational outlook of the Western church, that basic formation is completed by a study of the theological outlook and especially the spirituality of the Orthodox church and by a serious and extensive study of the history and spirituality of the Celtic church.
All of the books indicated below are required unless otherwise noted. In some cases a reference to a possible online course is given; many others are available.
Celtic Studies Track and Written Assignments
Follow the readings in order as much as possible because each builds on the previous in terms of development of philosophy, Christian theology, spirituality and piety. It is easier to see the reason for each book/topic if read in sequence listed below. Papers for this track can combine various books as indicated below.
CELTIC OLD TESTAMENT
Far different from the Greek and Roman mythology that influenced the Western world and religions, Celtic gods and culture had its own unique approach to gods, women, and society. This serves as comparative religious study and a basis of understanding the development of Celtic Consciousness.
“Druid thought is perhaps the lone known example of an attempted philosophical system to which monism was integral.” Jean Markale
THE DRUIDS: CELTIC PRIESTS OF NATURE Feb 1, 1999by Jean Markale
ONLY Chapter 20: DRUIDIC THOUGHT p. 204 to the end p. 243. Markale outlines what surviving fragments from historians who wrote on druids and their philosophical thought, and retraces the root of Celtic mythology and the lessons it teaches.
Ellis has another 2 books of interest historically (not required) : DRUIDS, and CELTIC MYTHOLOGY
Monastic Experience Theory, theology, spirituality in action…
Thom illustrates how Celtic consciousness resulted in a specific life choice for the Irish based on pre-Christian and Christian synthesis of values and beliefs. Excellent.
This book serves as a general synopsis of material more fully elaborated in several other books on the individual topics. A general understanding of the Brehon Laws and their effect on the Penitentials would be helpful for this study.
THE LOST LAWS OF IRELAND: HOW THE BREHON LAWS SHAPED EARLY IRISH SOCIETY by Catherine Duggan
THE IRISH PENITENTIALS edited by Ludwig Bieler, with an Appendix by D. A. Binchy, Dublin: The Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1963/1975. (The Irish Penitentials go beyond the conception of the Sacrament of Penance as inflicting punishment on a sinner for a crime committed, to seeing the Sacrament as medicinal and the penance as a means of helping the sinner heal from what led him or her to sin. To grasp this meaning in the text itself, this book is to be read in conjunction with Chapter 3, "The Penitentials: The Human Dilemma," pages 48-67, in Thomas O'Loughlin, CELTIC THEOLOGY (see below, 2. Studies.)
THE CELTIC PENITENTIALS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON CONTINENTAL CHRISTIANITY by John Thomas McNeill are each available in the CCC library.
1 ST WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT: FIRST PAPER COMBINES THE ABOVE BOOKS AND TOPICS. How did the Celtic OT influence the New and form a unique Celtic approach to accepting and living the Gospel life? Much of this material will be new to you. How does it all affect your approach to Celtic spirituality, so far?
Respectfully listening for the voice of God in DREAMS and the synchronous events in life, and working with one’s dreams is a tradition within Celtic spirituality which is ancient. In these books on shadow work and dream work, Robert Johnson presents this work seriously, and uses Jungian insights to help the reader understand and actively engage in shadow and dream work for personal transformation and integration. These books flow naturally with Celtic Christian spirituality precisely because of the tradition of honoring dreams. The intention for these books is for both personal challenge and growth, and to assist in pastoral work which is personal as well as communal.
OWNING YOUR OWN SHADOW: UNDERSTANDING THE DARK SIDE OF THE PSYCHE, June 9, 2009 by Robert A. Johnson
The following goes hand in hand with the previous book and is excellent for assisting anyone who seriously wishes to integrate the spiritual life into daily life, i.e. to be an integrated mature adult.
INNER WORK: USING DREAMS AND ACTIVE IMAGINATION FOR PERSONAL GROWTH, March, 1986 by Robert A. Johnson
Many good books by Johnson add to this Jungian self-understanding and can be of help, although NOT required for this course of study.
2ND WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT: This topic is academic but only makes sense if used personally to understand HOW to apply the ideas to understand one’s own dream life, and help others pastorally with this ancient insight into the interior life, made clearer by Jung.
Rather than a paper on the TOPIC, seminarians will benefit most by beginning a dream journal, and work on a personal dream or several dreams.
This can be discussed in the formation classes with others, or with one’s spiritual director or bishop. The point is this is both personal and pastoral.
CELTIC THEOLOGY & PHILOSOPHY
INTRODUCTION TO CELTIC CHRISTIANITY – August, 1993 by James P. Mackey (Ed) ONLY the INTRODUCTION, THEN CHAPTERS, 1, 2, 4, 5, 13, & 14
CELTIC THEOLOGY: HUMANITY, WORLD, AND GOD IN EARLY IRISH WRITINGS by Thomas O'Loughlin O'Loughlin examines the theological framework within which St. Patrick presented his experiences and considers how the Celtic lands of Ireland and Wales developed a distinctive view of sin, reconciliation, and Christian law that they later exported to the rest of western Christianity.
Collected together for the first time in one volume are the most important critical study of Pelagius to date, together with a selection of his letters. Arriving in Rome in the late 4th century, Pelagius soon acquired a considerable reputation as a reformer and spiritual adviser. In Palestine he became embroiled with Jerome and later with Augustine who had been alerted to the Pelagian threat to orthodox doctrine. Professor Rees here re-examines the evidence for the Pelagian controversy: `A judicious survey of the literature surrounding Pelagius and the movement associated with his name' CHURCH HISTORY (US). The second part of the book consists of Pelagius' letters, which provide the clearest and most succinct statements of Pelagian theology, but few of which have ever been translated into English before. (Reissue; first published in two volumes as Pelagius: A Reluctant Heretic and The Letters of Pelagius and his Followers(The Boydell Press, 1991).
ADAM, EVE, AND THE SERPENT: SEX AND POLITICS IN EARLY CHRISTIANITY by Elaine Pagels Chapters 5 p. 89 “The Politics of Paradise” Chapter 6 p. 127 “The Nature of Nature.”
Pagels addresses the topic of Augustine, Jerome, and Pelagius, and finally the 12 years of debates that followed between the aging Augustine and Julian of Eclanum.
One of the most recent studies on Pelagius and Augustine is:
Jun 30, 2014 by Alexander Y. Hwang and Brian Matz (NOT REQUIRED BUT SUGGESTED FOR FURTHER STUDY BY THOSE INTERESTED IN PELAGIUS)
This is worth study by Celtic Christian priests who can count on be suspect or questioned about Pelagian thought, theology, and the historic condemnation of Pelagius himself as well as his defender, Julian or Eclanum starting with Augustine and continuing through the Western Church for centuries until recent years when more study has been done.
The thought of St. Augustine had incalculable influence on the theology of the Christian Church, and for the Celtic Christian Church his thought is also important in understanding Pelagius (see below, Part III, The Celtic Church). For a basic understanding of Augustine's thinking, read:
T. Kermit Scott, AUGUSTINE: HIS THOUGHT IN CONTEXT, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1995. This book is also covered in Western Theology below.
JOHN SCOTTUS ERIUGENA (Great Medieval Thinkers) (Paperback) by Deirdre Carabine Good introduction and overview of the work of Eriugena.
THE VOICE OF THE EAGLE: THE HEART OF CELTIC CHRISTIANITY by John Scotus Eriugena and Christopher Bamford Nov 1, 2000
Classics of Western Spirituality series. Celtic Spirituality offers translations of numerous texts from the Celtic tradition from the 6th through the 13th centuries, in a cross-section of genres and forms, including saints' lives, monastic texts, poetry, devotional texts, liturgical texts, apocrypha, exegetical texts, and theological treatises, a helpful introduction, which covers the origins and characteristics of Celtic Christianity and the different genres included in body of the work. .. insight into the style, form, and character of the texts, including explanation of the Celtic emphasis on orality, the importance of place, emphasis on the environment and animals, and the role of the imagination.
Thomas O’Loughlin, as the historical theologian, puts Patrick the man in context, rather than depending upon hagiography alone to makes sense of Celtic consciousness. Celtic priests need to recognize Patrick as the icon of Celtic Christianity in today’s world and need to understood and present him in a realistic way as both the icon AND one to imitate as we spread the good news of God’s love TODAY
One can see the development of doctrine inspired by and flowing from the converted bishops whose own education, training, and heritage was the pagan druidic faith and doctrines. Historians such as Peter Berresford Ellis trace some of these bishops to druidic families (Gaul) indicating the culture they brought to the Faith. The following book addresses how the MAN influenced the development of Christian theology by understanding through his cultural lens.
ONLY-- Introduction, and Chapter 1 “Irenaeus: Linking Beginnings and Ends” pp 1-54
Deep Incarnational Theology/Trinitarian Theology a bedrock of Celtic Christianity. Denis Edwards’ book speaks to how Celtic Christianity and all Catholics can understand Trinitarian and Deep Incarnational theology as Divine Love today in light of our most recent scientific discoveries about our emergent creation. Celtic Christian priests who minister to contemporary people, some very highly educated, need to be keenly aware of the questions, the practical questions, believers as well as non-believers have in view of recent scientific discoveries.
The natural world around us is in crisis. We know it has a dynamic, evolutionary character. How might we understand this world in relationship to God?
Partaking of God builds on the foundations of the dynamic Trinitarian theology of Athanasius. It develops into a theology of the Word as the divine Attractor and the Spirit as the Energy of Love in evolutionary emergence. Then it explores God’s suffering with creatures, the humility of God in creation, church teaching on the human soul in relation to neuroscience, and grace and original sin in relationship to evolution. It culminates in a Christian theology of ecological conversion.
3RD WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT: A PAPER PULLING THE DEVELOPMENT OF CELTIC INCARNATIONAL THEOLOGY TOGETHER (RIGHT UP TO TODAY WITH PARTAKING OF GOD AND ALL THAT CURRENT THEOLOGY IMPLIES REGARDING ETHICAL TREATMENT OF LIVING BEINGS AND THE EARTH AND COSMOS), AS OPPOSED TO WESTERN/LATIN RITE APPROACH TO LEGALISTIC THEOLOGY AS A FOCUS OF FEAR OF PUNISHMENT.
THE LITURGY AND RITUAL: OF THE CELTIC CHURCH July 20, 2015 by F. E. Warren (Author)
Excerpt from The Liturgy and Ritual: Of the Celtic Church
The following pages contain an account of the Liturgy and Ritual of the Celtic Church in these islands, so far as their character can be ascertained from the limited sources of information open to us. They relate to a subject about which, until recently, very little was known. The great continental Liturgiologists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were either silent about it, or dismissed it as offering no data for information and no materials for investigation.
In more recent times Dr. Lingard has disclaimed all possibility of any knowledge of the subject: 'Whether the sacrificial service of the Scottish missionaries varied from that of the Romans we have no means of judging.' - Anglo-Saxon Church, edit. 1858, vol. i. p. 271.
This book is a reproduction of an important historical work.
4TH WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT: CREATE A CELTIC CHRISTIAN LITURGY TO CELEBRATE A RITE OF PASSAGE (any one of these: Birth, Puberty, Marriage, Healing Prayer for the Sick, Rite of Passage for the Dying, Grief, Celebration of the Incarnation/Christmas, Protection of the Earth and the Cosmos, etc.) This can be done individually or with others in the Formation Program.
TODAY’S Celtic Spirituality & Pastoral Care
This topic is beyond the introductory spirituality books by very good authors. Given the theology and its understanding and application today in the modern world, how do we realistically live this spirituality today and help others live it and apply it to their personal growth as humans loved by God? This combination of specific Celtic Spirituality, Celtic approach to evangelism, and personal growth brings it home…and to others.
Thomas O'Loughlin's fresh and original introduction to Celtic spirituality begins by questioning the very notion of a distinctively "Celtic" spirituality. Brilliantly re-examining the original sources, he argues that there is one over-arching theme giving them a unity--the idea of being "on the edge", both culturally and geographically.
THE CELTIC WAY OF EVANGELISM, TENTH ANNIVERSARY EDITION: HOW CHRISTIANITY CAN REACH THE WEST . . .AGAIN by Hunter,George G. III
5th Written Assignment: After completing the Pastoral Care topic a personal paper presenting how you feel Celtic evangelism and pastoral care may differ from other traditional Christian approaches to care of souls. Consider ALL the above studies and how they now inform your pastoral approach to all you meet in ministry or in the “secular world.”
The following are additional for spirituality and prayer which can be included in liturgies:
BE FAMILIAR WITH the following:
Alexander Carmichael, CARMINA GADELICA: HYMNS AND INCANTATIONS COLLECTED IN THE HIGHLANDS AND ISLANDS OF SCOTLAND IN THE LAST CENTURY, Hudson, NY: Lindisfarne Press, 1992. (Important collection. Contains numerous prayers in the Celtic spirit, asking God's blessing on all aspects of life including the most mundane activities
Timothy J. Joyce, OSB, CELTIC CHRISTIANITY: A SACRED TRADITION, A VISION OF HOPE, Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1998. (An excellent short presentation of the basic history of Celtic Christianity.)
Philip Sheldrake, LIVING BETWEEN WORLDS: PLACE AND JOURNEY IN CELTIC SPIRITUALITY, Boston, MA: Cowley Publications, c. 1995. (A discussion of place and journey, both important concepts to the Celtic mind, as keys to understanding Celtic spirituality.)
Esther de Waal, EVERY EARTHLY BLESSING: REDISCOVERING THE CELTIC TRADITION, Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publications, 1999 [Originally: A WORLD MADE WHOLE, 1991]. (A beautiful and sensitive presentation of the key aspects of Celtic spirituality.)
Esther de Waal, THE CELTIC WAY OF PRAYER, New York, NY: Doubleday, 1997. (A simple presentation, based on wide scholarship, of the Celtic Christian approach to prayer.)
J. Philip Newell, ONE FOOT IN EDEN: A CELTIC VIEW OF THE STAGES OF LIFE, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1999. (A prayerful reflection on the stages of human life, from birth to death, seen through the prism of Celtic spirituality.)
J. Philip Newell, CHRIST OF THE CELTS: THE HEALING OF CREATION, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2008. (How Christ was envisioned in the ancient Celtic tradition, and what this can mean for us today.)
THE CELTIC VISION, Selected and Edited by Esther de Wall from the Carmina Gadelica, Petersham, MA: St. Bede's Publications, 1988. (Selections presented by themes, with an introduction to each theme.)
The UNDIVIDED CHURCH
The First Seven Ecumenical Councils (325-787): Their History and Theology (Theology and Life Series 21)
Leo D. Davis, SJ,
Part II. The Western Church
A general introduction to philosophy, which is usually done in college, is required. The following two books are examples; another may be substituted.
Jenny Teichman and Catherine C. Evans, PHILOSOPHY: A BEGINNER'S GUIDE, 2nd ed., Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1995.
C. E. M. Joad, GUIDE TO PHILOSOPHY, New York, NY: Dover, 1957 (originally 1936). (More thorough than the first book, accentuating major themes in philosophy.)
Introduction to Philosophy: God, Knowledge and Consciousness:
This course is to be done with the knowledge of the formation team and mentor unless it is certified (which costs $300) by MIT.
*SPECIFICALLY CELTIC PHILOSOPHY REQUIRED FOR THOSE STUDYING FOR CCC PRIESTHOOD:
*PERIPHYSEON ON THE DIVISION OF NATURE by John Scotus Eriugena.
Translated by Myra L. Uhlfelder. Wipe and Stock Publishers, Eugene, OR
Eriugena’s primary work. This covers a philosophy course.
A general introduction to psychology, which is also usually done in college, is required, as is a book on human sexuality. The following books are examples; others may be substituted.
Ronald Kotesky, GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY FOR CHRISTIAN COUNSELORS, Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1983.
James Bruce Nelson, BETWEEN TWO GARDENS: REFLECTIONS ON SEXUALITY AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE, Pilgrim Press, 1983.
Introduction to Psychology:
Online course with knowledge of CCC mentor unless for certification from MIT
3. COMPARATIVE RELIGIONS
Huston Smith, THE WORLD'S RELIGIONS, HarperSanFrancisco, 1991. (Revised and updated edition of his "The Religions of Man," 1958.)
B. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY
1. COMPENDIUM OF THEOLOGY
The vast area of Christian theology can best be addressed by means of a compendium of theology or a book of systematic theology. This will give a well integrated overview of the material. This will then be completed by other works in those areas where a more developed treatment is needed.
Richard P. McBrien, CATHOLICISM, New Edition, New York, NY: HarperSan Francisco/HarperCollins, 1994. (A thorough presentation of Christian doctrine by a priest who was for many years a professor of theology at Notre Dame University. Includes a section on Christian moral doctrine.)
The following online course, "Foundations of Theology: Biblical and Historical," is RECOMMENDED, but does not replace McBrien's book, CATHOLICISM:
2. TOPICS REQUIRING FURTHER STUDY
a. CREATION—Covered in Celtic Christian Studies
Matthew Fox, ORIGINAL BLESSING: A PRIMER IN CREATION SPIRITUALITY, Santa Fe, NM: Bear & Company, 1983. (A study of creation which, while not ignoring sin, sees our world as good and uplifting. Reflects the Celtic spirit on which it draws.)
b. SCIENCE AND FAITH—Covered in Celtic Christian Studies
The developments of modern science (concerning human origins, for example) raise serious questions for the Christian faith. The following books address various aspects of this issue.
John Polkinghorne, SCIENCE AND THEOLOGY: AN INTRODUCTION, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1998. (An excellent treatment by a particle physicist and Anglican priest and theologian.)
Ian G. Barbour, WHEN SCIENCE MEETS RELIGION, New York, NY: HarperSan Francisco, 2000. (A treatment of the subject through the four views of their possible relationship: conflict, independence, dialogue, integration. (Barbour is an eminent figure in the field of science and religion.)
John F. Haught, SCIENCE AND FAITH: A NEW INTRODUCTION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2012. (Haught is Senior Fellow in Science and Religion at Woodstock Theological Center, Georgetown University.)
Dennis Edwards, THE GOD OF EVOLUTION: A TRINITARIAN THEOLOGY, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1999. (Edwards is a Roman Catholic priest and a professor of theology in Australia.)
The following books in this area are HIGHLY RECOMMENDED:
Jerry D. Korsmeyer, EVOLUTION AND EDEN: BALANCING ORIGINAL SIN AND CONTEMPORARY SCIENCE, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1998. (Korsmeyer is a nuclear physicist and theologian.)
Arthur Peacocke, PATHS FROM SCIENCE TOWARDS GOD: THE END OF ALL OUR EXPLORING, Oxford, England: One World Publications, 2001. (Peacocke is a biochemist and Anglican priest and theologian.)
Donald J Goergen, Ann Garrido, editors, THE THEOLOGY OF PRIESTHOOD, MN Liturgical Press 2000. (Result of 2 yr seminar and dialogue on the priesthood intended to promote dialogue around varied theological issues and pastoral concerns, representing diverse viewpoints, in order to deepen understanding of priesthood in Catholic tradition. Focus is on the historical, liturgical, and theological aspects of priesthood that require further reflection.)
Alexander Schmemann, THE EUCHARIST: SACRAMENT OF THE KINGDOM, Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1998. (A beautiful and deeply spiritual treatment of the Eucharistic celebration and what it means in our daily life. Schmemann is an outstanding Orthodox theologian.)
e. FEMINIST THEOLOGY
Rosemary Radford Ruether, WOMEN AND REDEMPTION: A THEOLOGICAL HISTORY, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1999. (The author is a respected theologian known for her work in feminist theology.)
C. SACRED SCRIPTURE
THE HOLY BIBLE. Recommended: THE NEW OXFORD ANNOTATED BIBLE, WITH THE APOCRYPHAL/DEUTEROCANONICAL BOOKS (New Revised Standard Version), New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Margaret Nutting Ralph, AND GOD SAID WHAT? AN INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL LITERARY FORMS (Revised Edition), New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Explains the literary forms used in the Bible [myth, parable, letter, etc.] and shows the importance of this in interpreting the Bible correctly.)
Lawrence Boadt, CSP, READING THE OLD TESTAMENT: AN INTRODUCTION, Second Edition, Revised and Updated by Richard Clifford and Daniel Harrington, SJ, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (An up-to-date and comprehensive introduction.)
Pheme Perkins, READING THE NEW TESTAMENT: AN INTRODUCTION, Third Edition, Revised and Updated, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Includes material on the individual books of the New Testament, and recent material from archeology and social history that helps the reader better understand the New Testament.)
Available online courses, not required:
---Introduction to the Old Testament:
---Introduction to the New Testament: http://step.nd.edu/registration/complete-catalog/introduction-to-the-new-testament/
Very highly RECOMMENDED: Raymond E. Brown, SS, AN INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW TESTAMENT, New York, NY: Doubleday, 1997. (An excellent, scholarly and thorough introduction to all aspects of the New Testament and its books. A very useful resource book.)
2. THE EVANGELISTS AND PAUL
George T. Montague, SM, COMPANION GOD: A CROSS-CULTURAL COMMENTARY ON THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW, Revised Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Up-to-date exegesis on Matthew, with the author's notes on his experiences in South Asia, where many cultural practices are similar to those of biblical times.)
Patrick J. Flanagan, THE GOSPEL OF MARK MADE EASY, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Places Mark's gospel in the context of its original audience, the early church in Rome.)
Mark Alan Powell, WHAT ARE THEY SAYING ABOUT LUKE? New York, NY: Paulist Press. (A presentation of the most important current studies on Luke.)
Mark Alan Powell, WHAT ARE THEY SAYING ABOUT ACTS? New York, NY: Paulist Press. (An overview of present-day scholarship on Acts.)
Anthony J. Kelly, CSSR, and Francis J. Moloney, SDB, EXPERIENCING GOD IN THE GOSPEL OF JOHN, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (A theological study of John, based on contemporary biblical scholarship.)
Stanley B. Marrow, SJ, PAUL, HIS LETTERS AND HIS THEOLOGY: AN INTRODUCTION TO PAUL'S EPISTLES, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Interprets Paul's theology by his letters and his life, against the background of his times.)
D. HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH
Following are three books that present a good treatment of the history of the Christian Church.
The candidate will choose ONE of them:
---John C. Dwyer, CHURCH HISTORY: TWENTY CENTURIES OF CATHOLIC CHRISTIANITY, Revised and Updated Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Good, objective summary treatment.)
---David L. Edwards, CHRISTIANITY: THE FIRST TWO THOUSAND YEARS, Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1997. (Broad in scope, blends institutional history with theological developments.)
---Justo L. Gonzalez, THE STORY OF CHRISTIANITY: THE EARLY CHURCH TO THE PRESENT DAY, Peabody, MA: Prince Press, 1999 (two volumes in one, originally 1984 ("The Early Church to the Dawn of the Reformation") and 1985 ("The Reformation to the Present Day"). (Sheds light on the major cultural and theological currents shaping the church's outlook, while highlighting essential events, persons and ideas.)
The thought of St. Augustine had incalculable influence on the theology of the Christian Church, and for the Celtic Christian Church his thought is also important in understanding Pelagius (see below, Part III, The Celtic Church). For a basic understanding of Augustine's thinking, see T. Kermit Scott, AUGUSTINE: HIS THOUGHT IN CONTEXT, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1995. COMPLETED IN THE CELTIC TRACK.
The following books are all highly RECOMMENDED:
For a thorough study of the history of the Christian Church that is organized in a different way (by means of paradigms: Jewish apocalyptic paradigm, Hellenistic paradigm, etc.) and that is not afraid to examine the negative aspects of the church, see Hans Kung, CHRISTIANITY: ESSENCE, HISTORY AND FUTURE, New York, NY: Continuum, 2001.
The faith of the Celtic Christian Church is that of the first seven ecumenical councils, which were those of the undivided Christian Church. For a study of those seven councils, see Leo Donald Davis, SJ, THE FIRST SEVEN ECUMENICAL COUNCILS (325-787): THEIR HISTORY AND THEOLOGY, Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1983/1990.
For those interested in tracing how the church's doctrine evolved over the centuries, the following lengthy study is ideal: Jaroslav Pelikan, THE CHRISTIAN TRADITION: A HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOCTRINE, 5 volumes, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1971-1989.
Vol. 1: THE EMERGENCE OF CATHOLIC TRADITION (100-600).
Vol. 2: THE SPIRIT OF EASTERN CHRISTENDOM (600-1700).
Vol. 3: THE GROWTH OF MEDIEVAL THEOLOGY (600-1300).
Vol. 4: REFORMATION OF CHURCH AND DOGMA (1300-1700).
Vol. 5: CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE AND MODERN CULTURE (Since 1700).
Dennis C. Smolarski, SJ, SACRED MYSTERIES: SACRAMENTAL PRINCIPLES AND LITURGICAL PRACTICE, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1995. (A practical and sound guide for the celebration of the sacraments, with notes on their historical and theological roots.)
Owen E. Cummings, LITURGICAL SNAPSHOTS: REFLECTIONS ON TH RICHNESS OF OUR WORSHIP TRADITION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2012. (An in-depth approach to liturgical theology.)
The following books are RECOMMENDED:
---Edward J. Kilmartin, SJ, CHRISTIAN LITURGY I: THEOLOGY, Kansas City, MO: Sheed & Ward.
---Aidan Cavanagh, ON LITURGICAL THEOLOGY, New York, NY: Pueblo, 1984.
---Dom Gregory Dix, THE SHAPE OF THE LITURGY, London: A. C. Block, 1986.
---David Power, WORSHIP: CULTURE AND THEOLOGY, Washington, DC: Pastoral Press, 1990.
---Herbert Vorgrimler, SACRAMENTAL THEOLOGY, Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992.
---Regis A. Duffy, REAL PRESENCE, WORSHIP, SACRAMENTS, AND COMMITMENT, San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row, 1982.
---Dennis C. Smolarski, SJ, HOW NOT TO SAY MASS: A GUIDEBOOK ON LITURGICAL PRINCIPLES AND THE ROMAN MISSAL, Revised Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press.
The candidate must be familiar with the following:
THE ROMAN SACRAMENTARY (the Mass).
THE ROMAN RITUAL (the Sacraments).
ORDER OF CHRISTIAN FUNERALS.
LITURGY OF THE HOURS (Short and Long)
F. SPIRITUAL LIFE, PRAYER, SPIRITUAL DIRECTION
1. SPIRITUAL LIFE AND PRAYER
Henri J. M. Nouwen, REACHING OUT: THE THREE MOVEMENTS OF THE SPIRITUAL LIFE, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975. (The successive stages of our approach to God, as explained in simple terms by a modern master of the spiritual life.)
Henri J. M. Nouwen, WITH BURNING HEARTS: A MEDITATION ON THE EUCHARISTIC LIFE, Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1994. (A profound and beautiful reflection on the meaning of the Eucharist for ourselves and for our communities.)
M. Basil Pennington, OCSO, DAILY WE TOUCH HIM: PRACTICAL RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1977. (Simple practical exercises to help us pray more deeply, by another modern master of the spiritual life.)
Thomas Keating, OCSO, OPEN MIND, OPEN HEART: THE CONTEMPLATIVE DIMENSION OF THE GOSPEL, New York, NY: Continuum, 1986/1992. (An initiation into a deep loving relationship with God, by, once again, a modern spiritual master.)
Stephen Hough, THE BIBLE AS PRAYER: A HANDBOOK FOR LECTIO DIVINA, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Practical help for simple contemplative prayer based on texts of the Bible.)
The following books are RECOMMENDED:
Lawrence S. Cunningham and Keith J. Egan, CHRISTIAN SPIRITUALITY: THEMES FROM THE TRADITION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1996. (A concise overview of the ways in which Christians over the centuries have approached God in prayer and practice.)
Louis Dupre and James Wiseman, OSB, LIGHT FROM LIGHT: AN ANTHOLOGY OF CHRISTIAN MYSTICISM, Second Revised Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Presents the key spiritual texts from the most important mystical writers in the Christian tradition, with introductions and bibliographies.)
THE ESSENTIAL WRITINGS OF CHRISTIAN MYSTICISM, Edited and with an Introduction by Bernard McGinn, New York, NY: Modern Library, 2006. (The great writings of the Christian mystics, presented and introduced according to themes, by a recognized expert in the field.)
2. SPIRITUAL DIRECTION
Jean Laplace, SJ, PREPARING FOR SPIRITUAL DIRECTION, Chicago, IL: Franciscan Herald Press, 1975. (An excellent guide by an experienced and highly competent director.)
Chester P. Michael, AN INTRODUCTION TO SPIRITUAL DIRECTION: A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH FOR DIRECTORS AND DIRECTEES, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2004. (A solid and thorough introduction.)
Kenneth Leech, SOUL FRIEND: SPIRITUAL DIRECTION IN THE MODERN WORLD, New Revised Edition, Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing, 2001. (Presents spiritual direction as coming from a life of prayer and discipleship, as a ministry and not a profession, and as an important part of the ministry of a priest.)
Benedict J. Groeschel, SPIRITUAL PASSAGES: FOR THOSE WHO SEEK, THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT, New York, NY: Crossroad, 1990. (Guides the reader through the interrelationships between one's spiritual life and one's psychological make-up.)
Kathleen Fischer, WOMEN AT THE WELL: FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES ON SPIRITUAL DIRECTION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1988. (An approach to spiritual direction that reflects women's experience and concerns.)
The following books are RECOMMENDED:
Wilfrid Stinissen, THE GIFT OF SPIRITUAL DIRECTION: ON SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE AND CARE OF THR SOUL, Liguori, MO: Liguori Publications, 1999. (Excellent, well balanced and expressed in simple language.)
Tilden Edwards, SPIRITUAL DIRECTOR, SPIRITUAL COMPANION: GUIDE TO TENDING THE SOUL, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2001. (A very practical guide by the widely known founder of the Shalem Institute for Spiritual Formation in Bethesda, MD.)
Janet K, Ruffing, RSM, SPIRITUAL DIRECTION: BEYOND THE BEGINNINGS, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2000. (A lucid treatment of advanced issues, themes and dynamics that arise in spiritual direction.)
STILL LISTENING: NEW HORIZONS IN SPIRITUAL DIRECTION, Edited by Norvene Vest,
Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing, 2000. (Essays by experienced spiritual directors on working with abused persons, the poor, church drop-outs, gays and lesbians, the addicted, the dying.)
G. PASTORAL CARE, COUNSELING, RELIGIOUS EDUCATION
One unit of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) is required, as noted above in Section III, Pastoral Formation.
Henri J. M. Nouwen, THE WOUNDED HEALER: MINISTRY IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY, Garden City, NY: Doubleday/Image, 1972. (The author argues that ministers must be willing to go beyond their professional role and as wounded and suffering fellow human beings leave themselves open to those they serve, if they are to collaborate in Christ's ministry of healing.)
Henri J. M. Nouwen, CREATIVE MINISTRY, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971. (In his or her several roles, the minister must, again, go beyond the professional role to "lay down his life for his friends" in order to mediate new life in Christ.)
Eugene Kennedy, ON BECOMING A COUNSELOR: A BASIC GUIDE FOR THE NON-PROFESSIONAL COUNSELOR, New York, NY: Crossroad, 1977/1989. (An excellent resource for the many counseling situations a priest encounters, by a married priest, professional psychologist and respected author.)
Thomas N. Hart, THE ART OF CHRITIAN LISTENING, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1980. (The author, a marriage and family counselor, uses the insights of Scripture, contemporary spiritual theology and modern psychology to guide the Christian helper in various pastoral situations.)
Robert J. Wicks and Thomas E. Rodgerson, COMPANIONS IN HOPE: THE ART OF CHRISTIAN CARING, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Written by two counselors, this book provides practical information on interacting with others in a caring way, again in various pastoral situations. This book and the previous one are complementary, and both are complementary to Kennedy's book, which is slightly more clinical in approach.)
Richard M. Gula, JUST MINISTRY: PROFESSIONAL ETHICS FOR PASTORAL MINISTERS, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (A theological-ethical framework for reflecting on the moral responsibilities of the pastoral minister.)
BIOETHICS, Fourth Edition, Revised and Updated, Edited by Thomas A. Shannon, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Drawing on the major scholars in the field, presents an overview of the key issues facing health care professionals and ministers.)
Maureen Gallagher, THE ART OF CATECHESIS: WHAT YOU NEED TO BE, KNOW AND DO, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1998. (Combines theology, liturgy, psychology and catechetics in showing catechists how to help others grow in faith.)
The following online course, "Introduction to Bioethics," is available but not required:
The following book, concerned with ministry in the church, is very highly RECOMMENDED: Edward Schillebeeckx, THE CHURCH WITH A HUMAN FACE: A NEW AND EXPANDED THEOLOGY OF MINISTRY, New York, NY: Crossroad, 1988. (A thorough and carefully researched study of ministry in the successive periods of the Christian Church's history. Provides valuable insights for ministry today.)
The following three-volume study, concerned with pastoral counseling, is RECOMMENDED: CLINICAL HANDBOOK OF PASTORAL COUNSELING (Volume 1: Expanded Edition), Edited by Robert J. Wicks and Richard D. Parsons, and for Volumes 1 and 3 Donald E. Capps, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Provides thorough and professional treatments of various aspects of pastoral counseling itself and of specific populations served by pastoral counselors, such as minorities, the devalued and abused, the addicted, the bereaved, the depressed, and so on. The three volumes constitute an excellent resource in this broad area.)
For those who are, or intend to be, engaged in specific or specialized ministries, the following books are RECOMMENDED:
---Maxine Glaz and Jeanne Stevenson Moessner, eds., WOMEN IN TRAVAIL AND TRANSITION: A NEW PASTORAL APPROACH, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1991.
---Rev. Steven Waterhouse, STRENGTH FOR HIS PEOPLE: A MINISTRY FOR FAMILIES OF THE MENTALLY ILL, Amarillo, TX: Westcliff Bible Church.
---Fernando Poyatos, I WAS SICK AND YOU VISITED ME: A SPIRITUAL GUIDE FOR CATHOLICS IN HOSPITAL MINISTRY, New York, NY: Paulist Press.
---Mary Elizabeth O'Brien, THE NURSE'S CALLING: A CHRITIAN SPIRITUALITY OF CARING FOR THE SICK, New York, NY: Paulist Press.
---Henry C. Simmons and Mark Peters, WITH GOD'S OLDEST FRIENDS: PASTORAL VISITING IN THE NURSING HOME, New York, NY: Paulist Press.
---Alan D. Wolfelt, DEATH AND GRIEF: A GUIDE FOR CLERGY, Muncie, IN: Accelerated Development, 1988.
Walter J. Burghardt, SJ, PREACHING: THE ART AND THE CRAFT, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Practical advice by a recognized master preacher.)
Part III, The Eastern Church (3 BOOKS REQUIRED)
As noted previously, the approach of the Eastern Church is generally more mystical than the basically more rational approach of the Western Church. And the ancient Celtic Church has a great deal in common with the outlook of the Eastern Church. Since the Celtic Christian Church lives its Christian life in the spirit of the ancient Celtic Church, it draws heavily on the theology and spirituality of the Orthodox Church. It is important, therefore, for the priests of the Celtic Christian Church to have a good grounding in Eastern theology and spirituality.
Timothy Ware, THE ORTHODOX CHURCH, Revised Edition, New York, NY: Penguin, 1993. Part I, History; Part II, Faith and Worship. (An excellent and clear introduction to the Orthodox Church, by a Westerner who is a bishop in the Orthodox Church under the name of Kallistos.)
John Cassian, CONFERENCES This book and the spirituality of John Cassian inspired much in Celtic Christianity, including monasticism.
George A. Maloney, SJ, GOLD, FRANKINCENSE, AND MYRRH: AN INTRODUCTION TO EASTERN CHRISTIAN SPIRITUALITY, New York, NY: Crossroad, 1997. (The author is an American Jesuit priest, a member of the Eastern Rite of the Roman Catholic Church, and the author of many excellent books on the spiritual life.)
For those interested in pursuing their study of Orthodox theology and spirituality, the following books are highly RECOMMENDED. All are by renowned contemporary Orthodox theologians, and all are published by St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, Crestwood, NY:
---Vladimir Lossky, ORTHODOX THEOLOGY: AN INTRODUCTION.
---Vladimir Lossky, THE MYSTICAL THEOLOGY OF THE EASTERN CHURCH.
---Vladimir Lossky, IN THE IMAGE AND LIKENESS OF GOD.
---John Meyendorff, THE ORTHODOX CHURCH: ITS PAST AND ITS ROLE IN THE WORLD TODAY.
---John Meyendorff, LIVING TRADITIION: ORTHODOX WITNESS IN THE CONTEMPORARY WORLD.
---John Meyendorff, CHRIST IN EASTERN CHRISTIAN THOUGHT.
---Alexander Schmemann, FOR THE LIFE OF THE WORLD: SACRAMENTS AND ORTHODOXY.
---Nicholas Arseniev, REVELATION OF LIFE ETERNAL: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CHRISTIAN MESSAGE.