Part II. The Western Church
A general introduction to philosophy, which is usually done in college, is required. The following two books are examples; another may be substituted.
Jenny Teichman and Catherine C. Evans, PHILOSOPHY: A BEGINNER'S GUIDE, 2nd ed., Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1995.
C. E. M. Joad, GUIDE TO PHILOSOPHY, New York, NY: Dover, 1957 (originally 1936). (More thorough than the first book, accentuating major themes in philosophy.)
Introduction to Philosophy: God, Knowledge and Consciousness:
A general introduction to psychology, which is also usually done in college, is required, as is a book on human sexuality. The following books are examples; others may be substituted.
Ronald Kotesky, GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY FOR CHRISTIAN COUNSELORS, Nashville, TN: Abingdon, 1983.
James Bruce Nelson, BETWEEN TWO GARDENS: REFLECTIONS ON SEXUALITY AND RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE, Pilgrim Press, 1983.
Introduction to Psychology:
3. Comparative religions
Huston Smith, THE WORLD'S RELIGIONS, HarperSanFrancisco, 1991. (Revised and updated edition of his "The Religions of Man," 1958.)
B. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY
1. COMPENDIUM OF THEOLOGY
The vast area of Christian theology can best be addressed by means of a compendium of theology or a book of systematic theology. This will give a well integrated overview of the material. This will then be completed by other works in those areas where a more developed treatment is needed.
Richard P. McBrien, CATHOLICISM, New Edition, New York, NY: HarperSan Francisco/HarperCollins, 1994. (A thorough presentation of Christian doctrine by a priest who was for many years a professor of theology at Notre Dame University. Includes a section on Christian moral doctrine.)
The following online course, "Foundations of Theology: Biblical and Historical," is recommended, but does not replace McBrien's book, Catholicism:
2. TOPICS REQUIRING FURTHER STUDY
Matthew Fox, ORIGINAL BLESSING: A PRIMER IN CREATION SPIRITUALITY, Santa Fe, NM: Bear & Company, 1983. (A study of creation which, while not ignoring sin, sees our world as good and uplifting. Reflects the Celtic spirit on which it draws.)
b. SCIENCE AND FAITH
The developments of modern science (concerning human origins, for example) raise serious questions for the Christian faith. The following books address various aspects of this issue.
John Polkinghorne, SCIENCE AND THEOLOGY: AN INTRODUCTION, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1998. (An excellent treatment by a particle physicist and Anglican priest and theologian.)
Ian G. Barbour, WHEN SCIENCE MEETS RELIGION, New York, NY: HarperSan Francisco, 2000. (A treatment of the subject through the four views of their possible relationship: conflict, independence, dialogue, integration. (Barbour is an eminent figure in the field of science and religion.)
John F. Haught, SCIENCE AND FAITH: A NEW INTRODUCTION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2012. (Haught is Senior Fellow in Science and Religion at Woodstock Theological Center, Georgetown University.)
The following books in this area are HIGHLY RECOMMENDED:
Jerry D. Korsmeyer, EVOLUTION AND EDEN: BALANCING ORIGINAL SIN AND CONTEMPORARY SCIENCE, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1998. (Korsmeyer is a nuclear physicist and theologian.)
Dennis Edwards, THE GOD OF EVOLUTION: A TRINITARIAN THEOLOGY, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1999. (Edwards is a Roman Catholic priest and a professor of theology in Australia.)
Arthur Peacocke, PATHS FROM SCIENCE TOWARDS GOD: THE END OF ALL OUR EXPLORING, Oxford, England: One World Publications, 2001. (Peacocke is a biochemist and Anglican priest and theologian.)
Daniel Donovan, WHAT ARE THEY SAYING ABOUT THE MINISTERIAL PRIESTHOOD? New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1992. (Describes different emphases on the priesthood as developed by several modern theologians. Provides an excellent view of the complex nature of the priesthood.)
Avery Dulles, SJ, THE PRIESTLY OFFICE: A THEOLOGICAL REFLECTION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1997. (A traditional treatment of the priesthood by a renowned theologian, now deceased.)
Alexander Schmemann, THE EUCHARIST: SACRAMENT OF THE KINGDOM, Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 1998. (A beautiful and deeply spiritual treatment of the Eucharistic celebration and what it means in our daily life. Schmemann is an outstanding Orthodox theologian.)
e. FEMINIST THEOLOGY
Rosemary Radford Ruether, WOMEN AND REDEMPTION: A THEOLOGICAL HISTORY, Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1999. (The author is a respected theologian known for her work in feminist theology.)
C. SACRED SCRIPTURE
THE HOLY BIBLE. Recommended: THE NEW OXFORD ANNOTATED BIBLE, WITH THE APOCRYPHAL/DEUTEROCANONICAL BOOKS (New Revised Standard Version), New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Margaret Nutting Ralph, AND GOD SAID WHAT? AN INTRODUCTION TO BIBLICAL LITERARY FORMS (Revised Edition), New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Explains the literary forms used in the Bible [myth, parable, letter, etc.] and shows the importance of this in interpreting the Bible correctly.)
Lawrence Boadt, CSP, READING THE OLD TESTAMENT: AN INTRODUCTION, Second Edition, Revised and Updated by Richard Clifford and Daniel Harrington, SJ, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (An up-to-date and comprehensive introduction.)
Pheme Perkins, READING THE NEW TESTAMENT: AN INTRODUCTION, Third Edition, Revised and Updated, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Includes material on the individual books of the New Testament, and recent material from archeology and social history that helps the reader better understand the New Testament.)
Available online courses, not required:
---Introduction to the Old Testament:
---Introduction to the New Testament: http://step.nd.edu/registration/complete-catalog/introduction-to-the-new-testament/
Very highly RECOMMENDED: Raymond E. Brown, SS, AN INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW TESTAMENT, New York, NY: Doubleday, 1997. (An excellent, scholarly and thorough introduction to all aspects of the New Testament and its books. A very useful resource book.)
2. THE EVANGELISTS AND PAUL
George T. Montague, SM, COMPANION GOD: A CROSS-CULTURAL COMMENTARY ON THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW, Revised Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Up-to-date exegesis on Matthew, with the author's notes on his experiences in South Asia, where many cultural practices are similar to those of biblical times.)
Patrick J. Flanagan, THE GOSPEL OF MARK MADE EASY, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Places Mark's gospel in the context of its original audience, the early church in Rome.)
Mark Alan Powell, WHAT ARE THEY SAYING ABOUT LUKE? New York, NY: Paulist Press. (A presentation of the most important current studies on Luke.)
Mark Alan Powell, WHAT ARE THEY SAYING ABOUT ACTS? New York, NY: Paulist Press. (An overview of present-day scholarship on Acts.)
Anthony J. Kelly, CSSR, and Francis J. Moloney, SDB, EXPERIENCING GOD IN THE GOSPEL OF JOHN, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (A theological study of John, based on contemporary biblical scholarship.)
Stanley B. Marrow, SJ, PAUL, HIS LETTERS AND HIS THEOLOGY: AN INTRODUCTION TO PAUL'S EPISTLES, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Interprets Paul's theology by his letters and his life, against the background of his times.)
D. HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH
Following are three books that present a good treatment of the history of the Christian Church. The candidate will choose ONE of them:
---John C. Dwyer, CHURCH HISTORY: TWENTY CENTURIES OF CATHOLIC CHRISTIANITY, Revised and Updated Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Good, objective summary treatment.)
---David L. Edwards, CHRISTIANITY: THE FIRST TWO THOUSAND YEARS, Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1997. (Broad in scope, blends institutional history with theological developments.)
---Justo L. Gonzalez, THE STORY OF CHRISTIANITY: THE EARLY CHURCH TO THE PRESENT DAY, Peabody, MA: Prince Press, 1999 (two volumes in one, originally 1984 ("The Early Church to the Dawn of the Reformation") and 1985 ("The Reformation to the Present Day"). (Sheds light on the major cultural and theological currents shaping the church's outlook, while highlighting essential events, persons and ideas.)
The following books are all highly RECOMMENDED:
For a thorough study of the history of the Christian Church that is organized in a different way (by means of paradigms: Jewish apocalyptic paradigm, Hellenistic paradigm, etc.) and that is not afraid to examine the negative aspects of the church, see Hans Kung, CHRISTIANITY: ESSENCE, HISTORY AND FUTURE, New York, NY: Continuum, 2001.
The faith of the Celtic Christian Church is that of the first seven ecumenical councils, which were those of the undivided Christian Church. For a study of those seven councils, see Leo Donald Davis, SJ, THE FIRT SEVEN ECUMENICAL COUNCILS (325-787): THEIR HISTORY AND THEOLOGY, Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1983/1990.
The thought of St. Augustine had incalculable influence on the theology of the Christian Church, and for the Celtic Christian Church his thought is also important in understanding Pelagius (see below, Part III, The Celtic Church). For a basic understanding of Augustine's thinking, see T. Kermit Scott, AUGUSTINE: HIS THOUGHT IN CONTEXT, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1995.
For those interested in tracing how the church's doctrine evolved over the centuries, the following lengthy study is ideal: Jaroslav Pelikan, THE CHRISTIAN TRADITION: A HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF DOCTRINE, 5 volumes, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1971-1989.
Vol. 1: THE EMERGENCE OF CATHOLIC TRADITION (100-600).
Vol. 2: THE SPIRIT OF EASTERN CHRISTENDOM (600-1700).
Vol. 3: THE GROWTH OF MEDIEVAL THEOLOGY (600-1300).
Vol. 4: REFORMATION OF CHURCH AND DOGMA (1300-1700).
Vol. 5: CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE AND MODERN CULTURE (Since 1700).
Dennis C. Smolarski, SJ, SACRED MYSTERIES: SACRAMENTAL PRINCIPLES AND LITURGICAL PRACTICE, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1995. (A practical and sound guide for the celebration of the sacraments, with notes on their historical and theological roots.)
Owen E. Cummings, LITURGICAL SNAPSHOTS: REFLECTIONS ON TH RICHNESS OF OUR WORSHIP TRADITION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2012. (An in-depth approach to liturgical theology.)
The following books are RECOMMENDED:
---Edward J. Kilmartin, SJ, CHRISTIAN LITURGY I: THEOLOGY, Kansas City, MO: Sheed & Ward.
---Aidan Cavanagh, ON LITURGICAL THEOLOGY, New York, NY: Pueblo, 1984.
---Dom Gregory Dix, THE SHAPE OF THE LITURGY, London: A. C. Block, 1986.
---David Power, WORSHIP: CULTURE AND THEOLOGY, Washington, DC: Pastoral Press, 1990.
---Herbert Vorgrimler, SACRAMENTAL THEOLOGY, Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992.
---Regis A. Duffy, REAL PRESENCE, WORSHIP, SACRAMENTS, AND COMMITMENT, San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row, 1982.
---Dennis C. Smolarski, SJ, HOW NOT TO SAY MASS: A GUIDEBOOK ON LITURGICAL PRINCIPLES AND THE ROMAN MISSAL, Revised Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press.
The candidate must be familiar with the following:
THE ROMAN SACRAMENTARY (the Mass).
THE ROMAN RITUAL (the Sacraments).
ORDER OF CHRISTIAN FUNERALS.
F. SPIRITUAL LIFE, PRAYER, SPIRITUAL DIRECTION
1. SPIRITUAL LIFE AND PRAYER
Henri J. M. Nouwen, REACHING OUT: THE THREE MOVEMENTS OF THE SPIRITUAL LIFE, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975. (The successive stages of our approach to God, as explained in simple terms by a modern master of the spiritual life.)
Henri J. M. Nouwen, WITH BURNING HEARTS: A MEDITATION ON THE EUCHARISTIC LIFE, Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1994. (A profound and beautiful reflection on the meaning of the Eucharist for ourselves and for our communities.)
M. Basil Pennington, OCSO, DAILY WE TOUCH HIM: PRACTICAL RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCES, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1977. (Simple practical exercises to help us pray more deeply, by another modern master of the spiritual life.)
Thomas Keating, OCSO, OPEN MIND, OPEN HEART: THE CONTEMPLATIVE DIMENSION OF THE GOSPEL, New York, NY: Continuum, 1986/1992. (An initiation into a deep loving relationship with God, by, once again, a modern spiritual master.)
Stephen Hough, THE BIBLE AS PRAYER: A HANDBOOK FOR LECTIO DIVINA, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Practical help for simple contemplative prayer based on texts of the Bible.)
The following books are RECOMMENDED:
Lawrence S. Cunningham and Keith J. Egan, CHRISTIAN SPIRITUALITY: THEMES FROM THE TRADITION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1996. (A concise overview of the ways in which Christians over the centuries have approached God in prayer and practice.)
Louis Dupre and James Wiseman, OSB, LIGHT FROM LIGHT: AN ANTHOLOGY OF CHRISTIAN MYSTICISM, Second Revised Edition, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Presents the key spiritual texts from the most important mystical writers in the Christian tradition, with introductions and bibliographies.)
THE ESSENTIAL WRITINGS OF CHRISTIAN MYSTICISM, Edited and with an Introduction by Bernard McGinn, New York, NY: Modern Library, 2006. (The great writings of the Christian mystics, presented and introduced according to themes, by a recognized expert in the field.)
2. SPIRITUAL DIRECTION
Jean Laplace, SJ, PREPARING FOR SPIRITUAL DIRECTION, Chicago, IL: Franciscan Herald Press, 1975. (An excellent guide by an experienced and highly competent director.)
Chester P. Michael, AN INTRODUCTION TO SPIRITUAL DIRECTION: A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH FOR DIRECTORS AND DIRECTEES, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2004. (A solid and thorough introduction.)
Kenneth Leech, SOUL FRIEND: SPIRITUAL DIRECTION IN THE MODERN WORLD, New Revised Edition, Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing, 2001. (Presents spiritual direction as coming from a life of prayer and discipleship, as a ministry and not a profession, and as an important part of the ministry of a priest.)
Benedict J. Groeschel, SPIRITUAL PASSAGES: FOR THOSE WHO SEEK, THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT, New York, NY: Crossroad, 1990. (Guides the reader through the interrelationships between one's spiritual life and one's psychological make-up.)
Kathleen Fischer, WOMEN AT THE WELL: FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES ON SPIRITUAL DIRECTION, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1988. (An approach to spiritual direction that reflects women's experience and concerns.)
The following books are RECOMMENDED:
Wilfrid Stinissen, THE GIFT OF SPIRITUAL DIRECTION: ON SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE AND CARE OF THR SOUL, Liguori, MO: Liguori Publications, 1999. (Excellent, well balanced and expressed in simple language.)
Tilden Edwards, SPIRITUAL DIRECTOR, SPIRITUAL COMPANION: GUIDE TO TENDING THE SOUL, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2001. (A very practical guide by the widely known founder of the Shalem Institute for Spiritual Formation in Bethesda, MD.)
Janet K, Ruffing, RSM, SPIRITUAL DIRECTION: BEYOND THE BEGINNINGS, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 2000. (A lucid treatment of advanced issues, themes and dynamics that arise in spiritual direction.)
STILL LISTENING: NEW HORIZONS IN SPIRITUAL DIRECTION, Edited by Norvene Vest,
Harrisburg, PA: Morehouse Publishing, 2000. (Essays by experienced spiritual directors on working with abused persons, the poor, church drop-outs, gays and lesbians, the addicted, the dying.)
G. PASTORAL CARE, COUNSELING, RELIGIOUS EDUCATION
One unit of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) is required, as noted above in Section III, Pastoral Formation.
Henri J. M. Nouwen, THE WOUNDED HEALER: MINISTRY IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY, Garden City, NY: Doubleday/Image, 1972. (The author argues that ministers must be willing to go beyond their professional role and as wounded and suffering fellow human beings leave themselves open to those they serve, if they are to collaborate in Christ's ministry of healing.)
Henri J. M. Nouwen, CREATIVE MINISTRY, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971. (In his or her several roles, the minister must, again, go beyond the professional role to "lay down his life for his friends" in order to mediate new life in Christ.)
Eugene Kennedy, ON BECOMING A COUNSELOR: A BASIC GUIDE FOR THE NON-PROFESSIONAL COUNSELOR, New York, NY: Crossroad, 1977/1989. (An excellent resource for the many counseling situations a priest encounters, by a married priest, professional psychologist and respected author.)
Thomas N. Hart, THE ART OF CHRITIAN LISTENING, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1980. (The author, a marriage and family counselor, uses the insights of Scripture, contemporary spiritual theology and modern psychology to guide the Christian helper in various pastoral situations.)
Robert J. Wicks and Thomas E. Rodgerson, COMPANIONS IN HOPE: THE ART OF CHRISTIAN CARING, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Written by two counselors, this book provides practical information on interacting with others in a caring way, again in various pastoral situations. This book and the previous one are complementary, and both are complementary to Kennedy's book, which is slightly more clinical in approach.)
Richard M. Gula, JUST MINISTRY: PROFESSIONAL ETHICS FOR PASTORAL MINISTERS, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (A theological-ethical framework for reflecting on the moral responsibilities of the pastoral minister.)
BIOETHICS, Fourth Edition, Revised and Updated, Edited by Thomas A. Shannon, New York, NY: Paulist Press. (Drawing on the major scholars in the field, presents an overview of the key issues facing health care professionals and ministers.)
Maureen Gallagher, THE ART OF CATECHESIS: WHAT YOU NEED TO BE, KNOW AND DO, New York, NY: Paulist Press, 1998. (Combines theology, liturgy, psychology and catechetics in showing catechists how to help others grow in faith.)
The following online course, "Introduction to Bioethics," is available but not required:
The following book, concerned with ministry in the church, is very highly RECOMMENDED: Edward Schillebeeckx, THE CHURCH WITH A HUMAN FACE: A NEW AND EXPANDED THEOLOGY OF MINISTRY, New York, NY: Crossroad, 1988. (A thorough and carefully researched study of ministry in the successive periods of the Christian Church's history. Provides valuable insights for ministry today.)